Large File Management

For managing large files in your repository, consider additional solutions such as:

  • Git-annex: Recommended for managing large files while keeping the file content separate from the Git repository. Useful for scenarios where files need to be stored in various locations.

  • DataLad: Built on top of Git and Git-annex, provides additional features for data management, sharing, and tracking, making it suitable for more complex data scenarios.

  • Git LFS A Git extension specifically designed for handling large files, storing their content externally. Convenient for projects where simplicity is essential.


Git-annex is a tool designed for managing large files with Git, without storing the file contents directly in the Git repository. It uses pointers to large files, allowing you to keep the metadata in Git while the actual file content can be stored in different locations.


  • On Debian/Ubuntu: sudo apt-get install git-annex

  • On macOS: brew install git-annex

  • On Windows: Download the installer from the official website

Basic Usage:

  1. Initialize a Git-annex repository: git annex init

  2. Add files to Git-annex: git annex add <file>

  3. Commit changes: git commit -m "Add large file"

  4. Track the file: git annex sync

For more detailed commands and configurations, refer to the official Git-annex documentation.


DataLad is a powerful data management system built on top of Git and Git-annex. It extends Git-annex capabilities and adds additional features for data sharing, publication, and provenance tracking.


Basic Usage:

  1. Initialize a DataLad dataset: datalad create mydataset

  2. Add files to the dataset: datalad add <file>

  3. Commit changes: datalad save -m "Add large file"

  4. Track changes: datalad status

DataLad provides advanced features for data versioning, distribution, and publication. Refer to the official DataLad documentation for comprehensive guides and examples.

Git LFS (Large File Storage)

Git LFS is an extension for Git that deals with large files by replacing them with text pointers inside the Git repository while storing the actual file content in an external storage service.


Basic Usage:

  1. Initialize Git LFS in your Git repository: git lfs install

  2. Track a large file: git lfs track "<file-pattern>"

  3. Add and commit the changes as usual: git add . and git commit -m "Add large file"

  4. Push the changes to the remote repository: git push origin master

Common Commands:

  • To view tracked files: git lfs ls-files

  • To fetch LFS objects: git lfs fetch

  • To pull LFS changes: git lfs pull

For more detailed commands and configurations, refer to the official Git LFS documentation.